The OSCE draws attention to violence against women in Ukraine

Violence towards women is widespread in Ukraine. Every year, gender-based violence is estimated to cause three times as many deaths as the armed conflict going on in the eastern part of the country since 2014. It is crucial for the OSCE to have a gender perspective in its operations.

It is a morning meeting at the OSCE office in Sievierodonetsk, some 720 kilometres southeast of the Ukrainian capital, Kyiv. A journey that takes around eight hours, first by train, then by car. Here in the eastern part of the country, a conflict between Ukrainian government forces and anti-government forces has been running for four years. There are daily violations of the cease-fire that the parties have agreed upon.

The international organization OSCE, comprising 57 participating states, is present with a special mission that monitors the situation and reports about the development; the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine (OSCE SMM). In the endeavours to reach peace and security the OSCE strives to strengthen women’s participation and leadership.

Annie Syrett, Monitoring Officer from Great Britain, holds the position of Gender Focal Point at the Sievierodonetsk office of the OSCE SMM. She sees to that all staff in the team integrate a gender perspective in their work.

One in five women in Ukraine aged 15-49 have experienced violence according to data from the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). Gender-based violence is one of the most common human rights crimes – at the same time one of the least reported. Many crimes remain unrecorded since most women do not seek help, Annie Syrett says.

In the wake of conflict gender-based violence and human trafficking is extensive, mainly in the eastern parts of the country but also elsewhere. Annie Syrett notes that access to services for survivors of gender-based violence has been negatively impacted by the conflict. For example, a safe shelter in Luhansk province is now located in areas no longer controlled by the government and hence no longer accessible for the population in Sievierodonetsk.

The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) estimates in a report that over a million Ukrainian women are exposed to physical and sexual violence each year. It is taking its toll: at least 600 women in Ukraine die because of gender-based violence each year, compared to around 170 deaths per year because of the armed conflict. Despite the tremendous human suffering and economic loss, only one in ten seek help from the police and merely one per cent of the survivors seek medical and social help.

Sweden promotes several initiatives to increase gender equality in Ukraine through its Embassy in Kyiv. In the autumn of 2017 FBA held a gender mainstreaming training for the Ukrainian Ministry of Interior. The participants represented the police, the civil contingencies agency, the agency for border control and the migration agency.

Through FBA Sweden also contributes with civilian staff to the OSCE SMM. To draw attention to the widespread violence against women, the mission recently participated in the global 16 Days of Activism Campaign to End Gender-Based Violence. Annie Syrett provided her colleagues with information and a guide for conversations in Ukrainian, Russian and English, and every day during the campaign she gave an update about the OSCE activities going on.

– Our patrol teams visited schools and talked to mayors and shopkeepers along the contact line, the division of territory between government controlled and non-government controlled areas. They did a wonderful job, she concludes.

The Monitoring Officers asked people if they are aware of what kind of services that are available for those who have been exposed to violence or human trafficking in their area, and the implications of the conflict on the possibility to get support.

The citizens of Sievierodonetsk were also invited to an OSCE Café focused on the topic “Women, Peace and Security”, which offered an informal space to discuss these issues. Besides the OSCE SMM, the UNFPA, the local patrol police and Luhansk’s Deputy Governor provided briefings during the event. In Luhansk province a new state-run hotline came into force during the campaign, for anyone in need of support from both government-controlled and non-government-controlled areas.

Human trafficking is rife in Ukraine. There are nearly two million internally displaced persons because of the war, and they are in a particularly vulnerable situation, concludes the US Department of State in a report published in summer 2017. Women and girls have been kidnapped in conflict affected areas to become prisoners of sexual exploitation, whereas boys and men are exposed to forced labour and forced into criminality.

Services provided in response to violence have so far been insufficient, but recent measures provide hope for change. Towards the end of 2017 the Ukrainian Parliament adopted a legislative act that criminalizes domestic violence. An additional law was passed aiming to prevent and combat violence committed by relatives. Specialized judges will be appointed, the police will receive training, shelters and specific health facilities will be established. In addition, the Ukrainian Cabinet recently appointed a Commissioner for Gender Equality.

Read more about the OSCE work for gender equality

MORE FROM HOME

FBA contributes to the new EU Afghanistan Peace Support Mechanism

The EU is committed to promote an inclusive peace process in Afghanistan. Among other initiatives, the EU has put in place a new mechanism to support and fund activities contributing to this objective. The Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Sida, is commissioned to carry out the work with support from FBA.

2019-06-28 17:05

IN THE FIELD

Read our publications

Image description

Assessing the Rule of Law in Public Administration: the Mining Sector

More than three years after the adoption of the SDGs, the world faces several troubling and mutually reinforcing trends: loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services, climate change and rising inequality, conflict and fragility. Underpinning these linked trends are patterns of unsustainable management of natural resources, including the mining sector.

Documents
Attributes
Author:
FBA, UNDP, Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Year:
2019

THE FBA BLOG

  • Posted by Susanna Rudehill

    Are we making the link between peace and gender equality in Mali?

    We are approaching the twentieth anniversary of resolution 1325 on women, peace and security. This groundbreaking resolution was unanimously adopted by the UN Security Council, the highest decision-making body on international peace and security, in 2000. It recognizes the specific needs of women and girls in crisis situations and the key role women can play for peace in their countries.

    The resolution is based on the simple conclusion that peace is not possible without the involvement of ... Read entire post »

    2019-06-13 14:44
  • Posted by Anna Möller-Loswick

    “If men are better mediators, why is there always chaos in our countries?”

    At the beginning of May, I arrived in Oslo to attend this year’s annual meeting for the Nordic Women Mediators Network (NWM). The NWM consists of five Nordic networks of women with significant experience and expertise relevant to conflict mediation, peacebuilding and negotiations. The NWM meets at least once a year to share experiences and explore avenues for collaboration to promote women’s role in peace processes.

    This year, the Norwegian network hosted the annual NWM meeting, which ... Read entire post »

    2019-06-05 10:26
  • Posted by Juliana Huus

    In Liberia, security is everybody’s business

    According to the FBA’s definition, security sector reform (SSR) is a concept that frames technical reforms within a political process.

    I think back two weeks to when I was in Liberia, reciting the for me now very familiar but abstract above sentence. The participants in the room, 16 program officers from the Liberian National Security Council Secretariat, were repeating this sentence with me in unison.

    For the past four days, we had tried to unpack this sentence in ... Read entire post »

    2019-05-09 16:04
Photo

Taleb Sobeh

Taleb is expert on Iraq and Palestine

More about our experts

Upcoming courses

Photo

Our partner countries

FBA is part of Sweden’s development aid within the area of peace and security

Read more about the countries where we work

Twitter