FBA in Colombia

After 50 years of civil war, a peace agreement was reached in 2016 between the Colombian government and the FARC guerrilla. Both local, national and international actors fulfil a role in the implementation of the agreement. FBA supports the ongoing peace process.

Guerrillas and paramilitary groups have been fighting each other and the government in Colombia since the 1960s. Some of the smaller guerrillas reached peace deals with the government during the 1990s, and the large paramilitary group AUC was disarmed and demobilized during the 2000s.

Following the 2016 peace agreement between the government and FARC, the largest remaining guerrilla, violence in Colombia has decreased. But one active guerrilla remains; the ELN. Human rights defenders and social leaders in parts of Colombia still touched by conflict are badly afflicted. Organized crime has also been gaining ground in some of the rural areas that used to be controlled by FARC before they demobilized.

Within the framework of Sweden’s development cooperation with Colombia, FBA is focused on three areas:

Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of ex-combatants
Approximately 6,000 FARC soldiers have been disarmed following the 2016 peace agreement. The ex-combatants are often stigmatized and local communities in Colombia need support to be able to receive them and help them reintegrate into civilian life. FBA provides assistance to both government authorities and civil society organizations in Colombia in their work with disarmament, demobilization and reintegration.

Security sector reform
Both the military and the police in Colombia have been accused of abuse during the civil war, and mistrust in state security actors is widespread among some groups of the population. FBA promotes enhanced respect for rule of law and gender equality within the Colombian security sector, and strengthened parliamentarian oversight of the sector. We offer trainings and we bring together state security actors and civil society representatives in order to create a platform for talks and confidence-building.

Women, peace and security
FBA aims at counteracting patriarchal norms leading to the discrimination of women and gender-based violence. We offer support for gender mainstreaming and women’s rights through capacity building and mentoring for Colombian authorities involved in the peace process.

Click here to read the entire strategy for Sweden’s development cooperation with Colombia 2016–2020.

Read more

FBA supporting the peace process in Colombia

New FBA mission in Colombia

New peace agreement in Colombia – FBA an important actor

Training for women peacebuilders in Colombia

Factsheet about FBA’s work in Colombia (Spanish)

Photo: Pedro Szekely

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THE FBA BLOG

  • Posted by Randolph Rhea

    The evolution of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programs – from programs to processes

    South Sudan 2013

    The prop-plane bounces through turbulence and I am awoken. I gaze out the window at the landing strip. From high above it looks busy, with many aircraft on the ta­rmac. When we land I realize that all of the cargo planes, troop carriers, and small aircraft are actually all destroyed and the fuselages have merely been pushed to the side of the mortar-potted runway. The wounds of war are still fresh here.

    After several hours ... Read entire post »

    2020-07-08 08:37
  • Posted by Anna-Linn Ekenstierna

    Stories of partners and colleagues are what I bring with me

    “Your facilitation brought us to a safe space and process where we shared our stories, really listened to each other and learned from each other.”

    These are words that I bring with me as I say goodbye to partners and colleagues at the FBA this time around, heading for a new adventure.

    The feedback means a lot to me since it indicates that we achieved what we had set out to do. I and my colleagues at the ... Read entire post »

    2020-06-26 13:29
  • Posted by Susanna Rudehill

    20 years of women, peace and security – what do we have to celebrate?

    This year marks the 20th anniversary of the UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325), a groundbreaking step for gender equality in international peace and security. Nine resolutions have followed and together they make up what we today call the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) Agenda.

    It’s not the first international framework for women’s rights and gender equality. So why is it called groundbreaking? Because the agenda for the first time recognized inequalities between women and men ... Read entire post »

    2020-06-10 10:23
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Saba Nowzari

Saba Nowzari is expert on Mali, the Middle East and women, peace and security

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