Security Sector Reform

Reforms of the security sector, including for example the police, military and corrections, are often necessary in a conflict-affected state to create stability and prevent conflicts from re-emerging. Civilian control and oversight of the security sector are important steps to guarantee the safety and rights of all citizens, and build trust between citizens and security actors.

People in conflict-affected countries often view security actors as a threat, rather than a guarantor of safety. Some security actors may have been involved in the conflict, and human rights abuses as well as corruption can be widespread.

Under such circumstances, reforms of the security sector are required in order to build peace. Security actors often need training and other forms of capacity building to be able to fulfill their tasks and ensure respect for human rights. Armed conflict is usually devastating for the economy of a nation, which weakens the capacity of the security sector further.

Security sector reform aims at creating a transparent, accountable and effective security sector, where actors such as the police and military operate to guarantee the safety of all citizens without discrimination, and where citizens have trust in the security sector. Peace treaties often include an agreement on the implementation of security sector reforms. An external, international actor such as the UN or EU is often tasked with supporting or overseeing the execution of reforms.

What does the FBA do?

  • Support to civil society
    FBA grants yearly funds to Swedish civil society organizations working to promote dialogue and debate and to spread knowledge about peace and security related issues, for example issues concerning security sector reform.

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Saba Nowzari

Saba Nowzari is expert on Mali, the Middle East and women, peace and security

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