Security Sector Reform

Reforms of the security sector, including for example the police, military and corrections, are often necessary in a conflict-affected state to create stability and prevent conflicts from re-emerging. Civilian control and oversight of the security sector are important steps to guarantee the safety and rights of all citizens, and build trust between citizens and security actors.

People in conflict-affected countries often view security actors as a threat, rather than a guarantor of safety. Some security actors may have been involved in the conflict, and human rights abuses as well as corruption can be widespread.

Under such circumstances, reforms of the security sector are required in order to build peace. Security actors often need training and other forms of capacity building to be able to fulfill their tasks and ensure respect for human rights. Armed conflict is usually devastating for the economy of a nation, which weakens the capacity of the security sector further.

Security sector reform aims at creating a transparent, accountable and effective security sector, where actors such as the police and military operate to guarantee the safety of all citizens without discrimination, and where citizens have trust in the security sector. Peace treaties often include an agreement on the implementation of security sector reforms. An external, international actor such as the UN or EU is often tasked with supporting or overseeing the execution of reforms.

Click here to watch a short film and learn more about security sector reform.

What does the FBA do?

  • Support to civil society
    FBA grants yearly funds to Swedish civil society organizations working to promote dialogue and debate and to spread knowledge about peace and security related issues, for example issues concerning security sector reform.

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Documents
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Author:
FBA
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2020

THE FBA BLOG

  • Posted by Kristin Valasek

    Time for a joint vision on gender-responsive leadership

    Right before the winter break, 236 women and men from 105 different organizations and 46 countries around the world joined our International Dialogue on Gender-Responsive Leadership, to discuss an absolutely critical and often missing part of the gender equality puzzle: gender-responsive leadership.

    After twenty years of struggling to achieve the commitments of the global women, peace and security agenda, we at the FBA have learned that executives and managers are essential to success. Not just as supporters, ... Read entire post »

    2021-02-10 16:09
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    As most of those who have seen a peace process ... Read entire post »

    2020-12-16 12:44
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    Avenues for accountability and participation: harnessing the power of the streets

    While much of the world awaits the upcoming US presidential elections in November, Iraq remains ensnared in its own deliberations over elections. Following the protests that escalated significantly in October 2019, the government resigned and early elections are now set for June 2021.

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    2020-10-22 12:19
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Johanna Malm

Johanna is expert on the Democratic Republic of Congo

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