Security Sector Reform

Reforms of the security sector, including for example the police, military and corrections, are often necessary in a conflict-affected state to create stability and prevent conflicts from re-emerging. Civilian control and oversight of the security sector are important steps to guarantee the safety and rights of all citizens, and build trust between citizens and security actors.

People in conflict-affected countries often view security actors as a threat, rather than a guarantor of safety. Some security actors may have been involved in the conflict, and human rights abuses as well as corruption can be widespread.

Under such circumstances, reforms of the security sector are required in order to build peace. Security actors often need training and other forms of capacity building to be able to fulfill their tasks and ensure respect for human rights. Armed conflict is usually devastating for the economy of a nation, which weakens the capacity of the security sector further.

Security sector reform aims at creating a transparent, accountable and effective security sector, where actors such as the police and military operate to guarantee the safety of all citizens without discrimination, and where citizens have trust in the security sector. Peace treaties often include an agreement on the implementation of security sector reforms. An external, international actor such as the UN or EU is often tasked with supporting or overseeing the execution of reforms.

Click here to watch a short film and learn more about security sector reform.

What does the FBA do?

  • Support to civil society
    FBA grants yearly funds to Swedish civil society organizations working to promote dialogue and debate and to spread knowledge about peace and security related issues, for example issues concerning security sector reform.

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Youth, Peace and Security Adviser’s Handbook

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2020

THE FBA BLOG

  • Posted by Rhodri Williams

    Civil Society as a Critical Partner: Rule of Law and Accountability in the Liberian COVID-19 Response, Part II

    Part One of this post highlighted the importance of the rule of law in supporting crisis response in countries struggling with the effects of conflict. One of the most important rule of law principles in such settings is accountability, particularly “downward accountability”, in which state authorities focus on serving citizens dependent on them.

    Corruption and poor governance can lead to excessive upward accountability directed toward political superiors, leaving a gap between the state and ordinary citizens. Civil ... Read entire post »

    2021-02-15 13:43
  • Posted by Kristin Valasek

    Time for a joint vision on gender-responsive leadership

    Right before the winter break, 236 women and men from 105 different organizations and 46 countries around the world joined our International Dialogue on Gender-Responsive Leadership, to discuss an absolutely critical and often missing part of the gender equality puzzle: gender-responsive leadership.

    After twenty years of struggling to achieve the commitments of the global women, peace and security agenda, we at the FBA have learned that executives and managers are essential to success. Not just as supporters, ... Read entire post »

    2021-02-10 16:09
  • Posted by Hanna Bertelman

    Creating space for dialogue in Colombia

    In Colombia, four years after the signing of the historic peace agreement between the government and the FARC guerrilla, local civil society actors are a pivotal force for promoting change. The FBA, together with CIASE, a network of women´s organizations, and the Colombian National Police is enabling a space for joint learning for civil society actors and police officers on human security, leadership, and dialogue and mediation.

    As most of those who have seen a peace process ... Read entire post »

    2020-12-16 12:44
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Johanna Malm

Johanna is expert on the Democratic Republic of Congo

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