Security Sector Reform

Reforms of the security sector, including for example the police, military and corrections, are often necessary in a conflict-affected state to create stability and prevent conflicts from re-emerging. Civilian control and democratic governance of the security sector are important steps to guarantee the safety and rights of the population and build trust between population and security actors.

People in conflict-affected countries often view security actors as a threat, rather than a guarantor of safety. Some security actors may have been involved in the conflict, and human rights abuses as well as corruption can be widespread.

Under such circumstances, reforms of the security sector are required in order to build peace. Security actors often need training and other forms of capacity building to be able to fulfill their tasks and ensure respect for human rights.

Democratic security sector governance means that the security actors are subordinated civilian oversight mechanisms and that security is provided in a transparent and accountable way, and in accordance with the rule of law.

This requires, for example, ministries and other institutions that can give political and strategic guidance, provide oversight, that they can decide and coordinate activities, and guarantee the right of the civil society to debate and investigate security related issues.

Security sector reform aims at creating a transparent, accountable and effective security sector, where actors such as the police and military operate to guarantee the safety of all citizens without discrimination, and where citizens have trust in the security sector.

Click here to watch a short film and learn more about security sector reform.

What does the FBA do?

  • Support to civil society
    FBA grants yearly funds to Swedish civil society organizations working to promote dialogue and debate and to spread knowledge about peace and security related issues, for example issues concerning security sector reform.

MORE FROM HOME

Young Peace-Leaders Promoting Dialogue in Liberia

In March 2022, FBA and its partners met with 24 young Liberian peace-leaders in the north-eastern city of Ganta. These youths have become skilful in preventing and resolving local conflicts and contributing to peace in their communities - as part of the FBA's Conflict Prevention Leadership Programme (CPLP).

2022-04-25 15:35

Read our publications

Falling short: Exploring mediation effectiveness

On 22 November 2021, the Folke Bernadotte Academy (FBA) held a half-day colloquium in Stockholm, involving 17 mediation specialists and FBA staff members, who participated in-person and by virtual means. Matt Waldman, an Associate of the Centre for International Studies at Oxford University, was invited to present on issues emerging from his ongoing research on mediation effectiveness.

Documents
Attributes
Author:
FBA
Year:
2022

THE FBA BLOG

""

Jens Samuelsson Schjørlien

Jens Samuelsson Schjørlien is expert on leadership and cooperation in peace operations

More about our experts

Upcoming courses

""

Our partner countries

FBA is part of Sweden’s development aid within the area of peace and security

Read more about the countries where we work

Twitter