History of Folke Bernadotte

Count Folke Bernadotte was the UN's first official mediator and tragically was its first peace representative to be assassinated as a direct consequence of his work.

A member of the Swedish royal family and nephew of the King, Folke Bernadotte was a military man with a deep commitment to basic human values. As Vice-Chairman of the Swedish Red Cross during the final months of the Second World War he successfully negotiated with the Nazi regime in Germany to secure the release of 15,000 concentration camp prisoners who were transported to Sweden. The now-legendary White Buses Operation remains a proud episode in Swedish history which has inspired the country in its commitment to playing a growing role in humanitarian and peace operations.

In May 1948 Folke Bernadotte became the UN's first official mediator and succeeded in achieving a truce in the first Israeli-Arab war, laying the groundwork for both the UN Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) and the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNWRA). On 17 September 1948, a few days before his second plan for a political solution was to be presented to the UN, Folke Bernadotte was assassinated in Jerusalem by extremists.

The Folke Bernadotte Academy (FBA) is named after Folke Bernadotte, an organization that represents Sweden's expressed dedication to international peace and security.

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Strengthening Africa’s regional forces for peace

Millions of people in sub-Saharan Africa are displaced due to war. FBA is now establishing long-term collaborative relationships with various regional organizations in order to contribute to a peaceful development on the continent. At the forefront is the cooperation with ECOWAS, a community of 15 countries in West Africa, to which FBA offers training for key personnel.

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Responsive and Responsible: Politically Smart Rule of Law Reform in Conflict and Fragile States

There is a long-standing recognition that rule of law is an essential element in achieving sustainable peace and development. In recent years it has gained even more prominence in policy discourse and as a core ingredient of broad-based international commitments, with the Sustainable Development Goals and in particular Goal 16 as a clear indicator for where we are headed. Yet, what has been lacking in rule of law reform, or at least it has been only marginally represented, is a political approach to address the underlying causes of problems and obstacles to rule of law.

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Richard Sannerholm, Shane Quinn and Andrea Rabus
Year:
2016

IN THE FIELD

THE FBA BLOG

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Gabriela Elroy

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