History of Folke Bernadotte
A member of the Swedish royal family and nephew of the King, Folke Bernadotte was a military man with a deep commitment to basic human values. As Vice-Chairman of the Swedish Red Cross during the final months of the Second World War he successfully negotiated with the Nazi regime in Germany to secure the release of 15,000 concentration camp prisoners who were transported to Sweden. The now-legendary White Buses Operation remains a proud episode in Swedish history which has inspired the country in its commitment to playing a growing role in humanitarian and peace operations.
In May 1948 Folke Bernadotte became the UN's first official mediator and succeeded in achieving a truce in the first Israeli-Arab war, laying the groundwork for both the UN Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) and the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNWRA). On 17 September 1948, a few days before his second plan for a political solution was to be presented to the UN, Folke Bernadotte was assassinated in Jerusalem by extremists.
The Folke Bernadotte Academy (FBA) is named after Folke Bernadotte, an organization that represents Sweden's expressed dedication to international peace and security.