FBA in Somalia

For almost 40 years, Somalia has been plagued by violence and insurgency. But Somalia is now rebuilding itself. FBA promotes the participation of women and youth in the ongoing peace processes.

When the military regime led by Siad Barre was overthrown in 1991, Somalia fell apart. The country has been devoid of centralized government control since then.

In 2012, however, a federal government was installed in the capital city of Mogadishu, and a number of federal member states were established. Government forces, with support from troops from the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), are fighting to recapture large parts of south and central Somalia still controlled by the Al-Shabaab terrorist group.

The aim is to reduce the influence of Al-Shabaab, so that AMISOM can eventually hand over all security responsibilities to the Somali state.

There are also local conflicts in various parts of Somalia over access to water and grazing land. The impacts of climate change could further aggravate the situation.

Within the framework of Sweden’s development cooperation with Somalia, FBA is focused on the following areas:

Women, peace and security
Large groups in the Somali society lack social, economic and political influence. FBA strives to improve the conditions for particularly women and youth’s participation in peacebuilding and statebuilding processes. For example, FBA supports the Somali Electoral Commission and their preparations for the general elections scheduled for 2020–2021. The aim is to achieve women and men’s equal participation in elections.

Security sector reform
Somalia has been lacking a unified security sector for decades. Public trust in security actors is low, and both militias and public security providers have been accused of abusing civilians. FBA strives to enable inclusive and sustainable security sector reform in Somalia, with the objective to construct a well-functioning security sector capable of exercising control of the entire state territory, and guaranteeing the safety of all citizens.

Click here to read the entire strategy for Sweden’s development cooperation with Somalia 2018–2022.

Read more

Somalia to be rebuilt after 20 years of war

Photo: UN Photo/Stuart Price

MORE FROM HOME

Young Peace-Leaders Promoting Dialogue in Liberia

In March 2022, FBA and its partners met with 24 young Liberian peace-leaders in the north-eastern city of Ganta. These youths have become skilful in preventing and resolving local conflicts and contributing to peace in their communities - as part of the FBA's Conflict Prevention Leadership Programme (CPLP).

2022-04-25 15:35

Read our publications

Falling short: Exploring mediation effectiveness

On 22 November 2021, the Folke Bernadotte Academy (FBA) held a half-day colloquium in Stockholm, involving 17 mediation specialists and FBA staff members, who participated in-person and by virtual means. Matt Waldman, an Associate of the Centre for International Studies at Oxford University, was invited to present on issues emerging from his ongoing research on mediation effectiveness.

Documents
Attributes
Author:
FBA
Year:
2022

THE FBA BLOG

""

Jens Samuelsson Schjørlien

Jens Samuelsson Schjørlien is expert on leadership and cooperation in peace operations

More about our experts

Upcoming courses

""

Our partner countries

FBA is part of Sweden’s development aid within the area of peace and security

Read more about the countries where we work

Twitter