From resolution to results when future UN staff is trained

In today’s international peace operations, civilians work alongside military and police towards a common goal. Training and co-practicing to improve the coordination of UN operations on the ground are part of FBA’s main tasks. The aim is to prepare personnel being deployed for the reality in the field.

Each year UNCIVSOC is arranged at the Swedish Armed Forces international centre in Kungsängen, Sweden (Swedint). The training prepares civilian staff for work in UN-led peace operations, and the challenges and opportunities that come with the role. After some intense weeks this year’s course is now over. Many of the participants are already deployed, whereas others aspire to go on a mission. For all of them the training is a chance to expand their network.

During the initial week the participants are stuffed with knowledge about the organization of the UN, field of expertise, decision structures and partners. Several of FBA’s employees hold lectures on disarmament, demobilization and reintegration, security sector reform and conflict analysis. Apart from theory and subject knowledge the participants also get to practice cooperation. In these so called integrated multifunctional peace operations civilian staff, military and police join forces.

At the same time there is a course for military staff, UNSOC. During the final week the participants gather for a role-play that puts them in front of a fictive scenario. A UN office is set up with civilian, military and police units and they have to deal with problems that appear in the imaginary Bogaland. For example provide humanitarian aid to internally displaced people, manage groups that obstruct the efforts, and build confidence among civil society. The scenario of this year’s training had similarities to the actual situation in both Mali and South Sudan where many of the military participants will serve.

– Future UN staff need in-depth knowledge about how to convert a resolution into real results when serving a mission. Equally, they have to understand the requirement for a common situation awareness in integrated multifunctional UN peace operations with a chapter 7 mandate, says Bodil Israelsson, responsible for civil-military relations at FBA.

Intrastate violence is the most common form of conflict nowadays. Through chapter 7 of the UN Charter the UN Security Council can impose military sanctions when a country acts in a way that threatens peace. Its far reaching powers make chapter 7 an important tool.

None of the current UN peace operations in the world are there to only observe the situation.
– In some of the recent operations there is no peace to keep, their mission is rather to enforce peace. This differs from traditional UN peace operations, Danish diplomat Ellen Loej explains.

She contributed to the course by sharing her experiences from leadership in UN peace operations as Special Representative to the Secretary-General (SRSG) in Liberia and Head of the UN Mission UNMIL in 2008-2012, and Head of UNMISS in South Sudan in 2014-2016.

Raul Arbinus coordinates UNSOC at Swedint. Similar trainings are carried out in many places around the world, he says, but Kungsängen is one of few where civilians, military and police train together. The advantage is that the participants get to try out how it works in reality. “Train as you operate” is the idea.

This year, there were around 70 participants in UNCIVSOC and UNSOC, mostly military personnel. Those who have previously been on missions with Nato and the African Union have to adapt to a new approach. In UN peace operations the Head of Mission is generally a civilian, and often also in charge of the political work.

– We have three different cultures –civilian, military and police – with three different languages. There is a constant turnover of staff in operations. Training the participants in how to deal with internal difficulties that might appear makes them better prepared for the assignment, Raul Arbinus says.

Cooperation is a matter of leadership – and something you need to practice, he claims.
– We want the participants to understand each other’s perspectives and highlight the consequences from all sides of a conflict. Lack of information can put a whole country at risk.

Protection of civilians is the overall mission of all parties. Anders Kompass, former Field Operations Director at Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), alarms about abuse committed by UN staff in the Central African Republic in 2014 has influenced the training.

– We have a strong focus on legal frameworks for human rights and our code of conduct, says Raul Arbinus, and adds that a gender perspective is included in almost all parts of the training.

MORE FROM HOME

FBA’s programme for young peacebuilders in Iraq inaugurated

After decades of war, Iraq needs to be rebuilt. Violent protests against the inability of the Iraqi state to provide its citizens with security and basic social services have rocked the country recently. FBA is now starting a programme for young peacebuilders in Iraq, in order to strengthen them in their non-violent efforts for a positive development.

2019-10-28 16:55

IN THE FIELD

Read our publications

Image description

Insights from the Inside: Women’s Mediation Networks as a Tool for Influencing Peace Processes

Civil society-led networks of women have for decades worked hard to promote peace in conflict areas around the world, and lately, a new wave of women's mediation networks are being established that are led by states or regional organizations. All these networks share a collective aim: To promote women's inclusion and influence in mediated peace processes.

Documents
Attributes
Author:
FBA, Uppsala University, PRIO
Year:
2019

THE FBA BLOG

  • Posted by Jessica Rothman

    Peace-making and cheese-making in Georgia

    Exactly ten years had passed since I last worked in Georgia, when I returned for my deployment to the EU Monitoring Mission (EUMM), in the country that has a special place in my heart. I arrived with so much curiosity and excitement, wondering how Georgia had developed and recovered after the war in 2008. The first thing that struck me was the condition of the cars, where were all the dilapidated Ladas and Volgas that used ... Read entire post »

    2019-12-05 11:19
  • Posted by Eric Mellado-Åhlin

    Revising the UN guidelines for support to the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of ex-combatants: a high-hanging fruit

    One of my first tasks as a desk officer at FBA, working with disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) of former combatants, was to assist in arranging a conference in Stockholm. As the conference approached, I understood that the goal – to unite the 25 UN agencies of the Inter-Agency Working Group on DDR and come to agreement on the way forward for the revision of the Integrated DDR Standards (IDDRS) – was more complicated than I ... Read entire post »

    2019-11-26 16:22
  • Posted by Kuisma Kinnunen

    From policy to practice – gender as a perspective

    As a trainer, what could be better than to be part of a multinational group with a variety of backgrounds, eagerly wanting to learn new skills? Especially when you get to be the course participant for a change.

    I had a dual aim when I recently participated in the Gender Perspective in the EU Common Security and Defence Policy Course, organised by FBA under the auspices of the European Security and Defence College. Besides learning new gender ... Read entire post »

    2019-10-23 11:27
Photo

Saba Nowzari

Saba Nowzari is expert on Mali, the Middle East and women, peace and security

More about our experts

Upcoming courses

Photo

Our partner countries

FBA is part of Sweden’s development aid within the area of peace and security

Read more about the countries where we work

Twitter