FBA hosting review meeting on UN guidelines for handling of combatants

Today’s conflicts are more complex than yesterday’s, with increased involvement of international terrorist groups, elements of extremism and fragmented warring parties. Therefore, an update of the UN guidelines for disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of ex-combatants is required. FBA hosted a week-long workshop in Stockholm where UN experts discussed the review.

Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of former combatants, DDR, is an important part of the international work for peace. It is also one the FBA’s areas of expertise. FBA supports research and conducts training related to DDR, and deploys Swedish DDR experts to international peace operations.

A DDR programme has traditionally been carried out by the UN in a conflict-affected country after the signing of a peace agreement. Such a programme usually includes collecting weapons from ex-combatants and helping them reintegrate into civilian life by offering education, health care, support in the search for housing and a job, and support in the search for lost family and friends. If a DDR programme fails there is a risk of ex-combatants taking up arms again.

IAWG, UN Inter-Agency Working Group for DDR, consists of representatives from various UN organizations working on DDR-related issues. Over ten years ago, IAWG developed guidelines for the design of UN DDR missions. But the world’s conflicts have changed over time and therefore a review of the guidelines is needed.

On 17-20 October FBA hosted a workshop in Stockholm where IAWG discussed an update of the guidelines.

– FBA has supported IAWG since the start and we have a very close cooperation. This is why we asked the FBA to host our workshop, says Glaucia Boyer, co-chair of the IAWG.

– FBA is a key actor within the international field of DDR and we are proud to be asked to host this event. The work taking place here is also very important. The UN guidelines for DDR need to be updated and adapted to what modern conflicts look like, with increased elements of extremism, says Stefan Åström, head of the FBA’s DDR work.

The fact that todays’ DDR programmes have to be adjusted in order to take care of a growing number of ex-combatants with extreme religious or political views, was one of the issues discussed at the workshop. Other topics included DDR programmes in protracted conflicts, and DDR programmes taking place in countries without a peace deal but where combatants nevertheless choose to hand in their weapons.

The last day of the workshop included researchers specialized in DDR issues. They shared the latest research findings with the IAWG representatives. One of the topics discussed was the need to elaborate the guidelines regarding former child soldiers.

– DDR programmes of today treat ex-combatants under the age of 18 as children, and have a special track for them. Former combatants over the age of 18 are treated as adults. But in my research I have discovered a need for a third track, suited for ex-combatants who are over 18 but were involved in an armed group while underage. One could say that they are chronologically adults, but socially and economically they are minors, says Richard Bowd from The Arctic University of Norway.

– This group faces specific challenges. They often lack education, a network outside of the armed group to which they used to belong, and they have been socialized into violence since a tender age. This makes it harder for them to reintegrate into civil life, compared to ex-combatants who joined an armed group as adults. Individuals in the latter group often have had time to pursue an education, create a social network and maybe even get some work experience, before joining an armed group.

A summary of the discussions in Stockholm will now be used as a foundation for the update of the UN DDR guidelines.
– We will continue our work and we also look forward to deepen our cooperation with the FBA, says Glaucia Boyer.

MORE FROM HOME

Counterterrorism key to EU’s work for peace, security and development

On 11 March 2004, in the middle of rush hour, commuter trains explode at three stations in the Spanish capital Madrid. The bombings caused 2,000 wounded and 191 dead in the worst attack that has occurred in Europe in peacetime. The following year the EU adopts a strategy to combat terror.

2020-03-24 08:00

IN THE FIELD

Read our publications

Image description

An Introduction to Human Rights and Security Sector Reform

Successful security sector reform (SSR) must be guided by the understanding of people as rights-holders and the state, including core security actors, as duty-bearers in providing security as a service to the people.

Documents
Attributes
Author:
FBA
Year:
2020

THE FBA BLOG

  • Posted by Maria Chalhoub

    Covid-19, a mechanism for conflict resolution?

    Barely a month has passed since the World Health Organization announced the Covid-19 outbreak as a pandemic. Yet, we are already looking at a case tally of some 1 million globally, among them no less than 55 000 deaths.

    For those of us in the conflict resolution industry, we worry not only about those conflict-ridded societies that have no infrastructure or means to cope with the outbreak, but about the potential shifting of international priorities, away from ... Read entire post »

    2020-04-06 12:23
  • Posted by Andreas Berg

    ‘May you live in interesting times – in Ukraine’

    Almost six months ago I wrote about the prospects for reform in Ukraine following the decisive election of a new president and parliament, driven by the desire of the voting public for major reform and stabilization of a country still involved in an ongoing conflict.

    Since then, the new government has frequently been tested by complex challenges at home and abroad, testing its endurance while already challenged with the immense task of reforming and restoring public trust ... Read entire post »

    2020-03-04 18:03
  • Posted by Jessica Rothman

    Peace-making and cheese-making in Georgia

    Exactly ten years had passed since I last worked in Georgia, when I returned for my deployment to the EU Monitoring Mission (EUMM), in the country that has a special place in my heart. I arrived with so much curiosity and excitement, wondering how Georgia had developed and recovered after the war in 2008. The first thing that struck me was the condition of the cars, where were all the dilapidated Ladas and Volgas that used ... Read entire post »

    2019-12-05 11:19
Photo

Saba Nowzari

Saba Nowzari is expert on Mali, the Middle East and women, peace and security

More about our experts

Upcoming courses

Photo

Our partner countries

FBA is part of Sweden’s development aid within the area of peace and security

Read more about the countries where we work

Twitter