FBA supporting the peace process in Colombia

After lengthy negotiations, Colombia’s government and the left-wing guerrilla FARC have finally reached a peace agreement. A conflict spanning over five decades, having killed hundreds of thousands of people and created millions of internally displaced persons, is coming to an end. The FBA has supported the peace process throughout the years.

During the 1960s Colombia saw the birth of a number of communist guerrilla groups, among them FARC, dedicated to fight the government. Some of the smaller groups reached peace deals with the government during the 1990s. FARC, on the other hand, went on to become the most important group with a presence in large parts of the country. The conflict between FARC and the government of Colombia intensified.

FBA’s involvement in Colombia began during the 2000s, through the provision of advice and support for the Colombian Agency for Reintegration (ACR), focused on reintegration of demobilized groups and individuals.

When the peace talks between FARC and the Colombian government were initiated in Cuba in October 2012, FBA’s support for the Colombian peace process was reinforced.

– A large number of people playing significant roles in the peace process in Cuba, mainly representatives from Colombian government agencies, have participated in FBA’s DDR courses. We have arranged courses in Sweden, but also trainings in Colombia, says Hans Thorgren. He is Head of the FBA’s DDR programme – DDR as in disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of former combatants.

On 24 August news broke that there was a breakthrough in the negotiations in Cuba. The peace deal was finalized, the parties had reached an agreement.

– It is a historic agreement, four years of negotiations finally paid off. It also illustrates how peace work is a long-term effort, Hans says and points to the fact that peace processes are lengthy by nature.

Now the process continues at the ballot box. A national referendum on the peace deal will be held on 2 October. Thereafter the implementation of the agreement can hopefully begin.

– There are still numerous challenges to the creation of long-term peace and stability in Colombia, and there are still other armed groups. But the development is without doubt positive, and at the FBA we look forward to continue supporting the peace-building process in Colombia, Hans concludes.

Read more

Click here to read more about the FBA’s work on disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of former combatants (DDR).

Photo: UN Photo/Gill Fickling

MORE FROM HOME

FBA to host meeting on the future of UN peace operations

The UN’s peace operations are in need of improvement, according to Secretary-General António Guterres. Important actors from around the world are now gathering in Stockholm to discuss how to reform the operations. FBA is hosting the meeting together with the Swedish Armed Forces.

2018-11-23 15:10

Read our publications

Image description

Review of the Global Focal Point for Police, Justice and Corrections

The UN works to strengthen the rule of law in the police, justice and corrections areas in some of the world’s most volatile places. Since 2012, the UN Global Focal Point for Police, Justice and Corrections provides a united front for overall UN assistance in these areas, with a view to preventing violent conflict.

Documents
Attributes
Author:
FBA, Center on International Cooperation, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs
Year:
2018

IN THE FIELD

THE FBA BLOG

  • Posted by Anna Möller-Loswick

    Supporting women peace leaders: an investment in sustainable peace

    Women play vital roles in conflict resolution, conflict prevention and peacebuilding. They mediate conflicts at the local level, advocate for the needs and priorities of women to be addressed in official peace processes, and work tirelessly to build peace in their communities. Research shows that women’s direct participation in peace negotiations increases the durability and quality of peace. They can serve as brokers who connect women civil society networks at the local level to the official ... Read entire post »

    2018-08-23 14:19
  • Posted by Carl Fredrik Birkoff

    Cross-border cooperation between Ethiopia and Kenya for conflict prevention and peacebuilding

    Within the framework of the strategy for Sweden’s regional development cooperation with sub-Saharan Africa 2016-2021 FBA is expected to contribute to increased regional integration and strengthened capacity to address cross-border challenges and opportunities at regional levels. This assignment is very much in line with the innovative, comprehensive and integrated cross-border programme between Ethiopia and Kenya initiated by the Ethiopian and Kenyan governments, in partnership with the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and the United Nations.

    During the ... Read entire post »

    2018-08-16 15:20
  • Posted by Ben Rhee

    Action for Peacekeeping: What role for the Challenges Forum?

    On March 28 this year, UN Secretary-General António Guterres announced the UN’s Action for Peacekeeping (A4P) agenda. At the heart of the initiative lies an urgent call to mobilise support for peace operations, which are increasingly faced with a wide-array of complex challenges.

    Operating in some of the most difficult environments and intractable conflicts on the planet, UN and multilateral peace operations today are dealing with a host of issues and unrealistic expectations by the international community ... Read entire post »

    2018-07-11 10:11
Photo

Taleb Sobeh

Taleb is expert on Iraq and Palestine

More about our experts

Upcoming courses

Twitter