Justine Namvura

Justine Namvura is working to combat sexual and gender-based violence in her role as senior adviser at the ministry for gender in the province of South Kivu in DRC. Besides the national ministry for gender, each one of the 26 provinces in the country has its own provincial ministry. Sexual violence was being used as a weapon during the war, Justine says.

– At the ministry for gender in South Kivu we work to make sure that the national laws on equality are being implemented in our province. We also ensure that international conventions on the rights of women, ratified by the DRC, are being applied. We focus on the prevention of sexual and gender-based violence. During the war, sexual violence was being used as a weapon. Now it is a part of society and everyday life, it remains a problem in the entire country. We often cooperate with local traditional leaders to create change. It is important to get support from the leaders in the villages in order to change old customs that are harmful.

What sort of customs are you trying to change?

– It could be forced marriages, for example. Girls that are being married off by their families, or grown women that are forced to marry the brother of their husband when the husband dies. It is also about access to resources; boys getting to go to school while girls are being kept at home. We try to map out problems and inequalities and then try to act upon them.

Why did you want to participate in the FBA’s peace-building programme in DRC?

– I wanted to be a candidate in order to further strengthen my capacity within the area of women, peace and security. It is the area within which I work, after all. I wish to bring some useful skills home with me. I also believe that the programme is a good opportunity to exchange experiences. Between FBA from Sweden and us, the Congolese participants, and between all the participants coming from different organizations. Learning from those who have succeeded in their work is always helpful.

How do you envision the future?

– We do have good legislation, we just have to make sure it is being implemented. The inclusion of women in the work for peace and reconciliation is imperative. In South Kivu we have already made more progress than in many other provinces, one reason is that we have a very engaged provincial minister of equality. He is the only male provincial minister of equality by the way, in all the other 25 provinces the minister of equality is a woman. We have managed to establish a model in South Kivu where all people working to eradicate sexual violence and to strengthen women’s participation in issues concerning peace and security collaborate in special committees. People working for the authorities, like me, cooperate with people from international organizations, civil society organizations, the army and other actors. Collaboration takes you far. The mutual commitment and ownership also ensures that the work will continue even if the current politicians are replaced in the next elections. It guarantees that the work on those issues will go on.

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UN Peace Operations and the Rule of Law 1989–2017

This report contains unique empirical data from 76 UN peace operations between 1989 and 2017. The data paint a picture of the kinds of rule of law assistance that have actually been provided, and allow discussion on how important shifts in peacekeeping and rule of law policy reflect in practice.

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