Security Sector Reform
Photo: UN Photo/Sylvain Liechti
The concept of SSR evolved during the late 1990s. It was discovered that reforms of the security sector were often crucial in a state recovering after conflict or authoritarian leadership, in order to create sustainable peace, democracy and socio-economic development.
Traditionally, the security sector in a state is seen to include four types of actors:
- Central security actors: military, police, customs and border patrol.
- Actors exercising democratic governance: executive and legislative power, relevant state agencies and authorities, financial institutions, civil society.
- Judicial actors: judicial authorities, ministry of justice, investigative bodies.
- Non-formal security actors: rebel groups, guerrillas, private security companies.
SSR touches on everything - from good governance and human rights to gender issues and equality.
What does the FBA do?
- Policy, research and development
The FBA offers support to the work of the EU, UN and OSCE on SSR policy development. The FBA has developed a tool for SSR needs assessment and a handbook for SSR advisers. In addition, the FBA supports international research on SSR.
The FBA offers a yearly SSR course as well as courses within the orbit of the European Security and Defence College. Furthermore, the FBA offers tailor-made SSR training on demand that is specially adapted to the needs of both Swedish and international authorities and institutions.
- International work
As part of Sweden’s international development cooperation, FBA has the mission to work with SSR in a number of countries. FBA also seconds Swedish SSR experts to international peace missions. Please see the map about our international projects.
The FBA coordinates a network of Swedish government agencies working on issues related to SSR. The FBA also represents Sweden on the board of the International Security Sector Advisory Team (ISSAT).