Security Sector Reform

Security sector reform (SSR) aims for a society where the security sector, including police, military and the judicial system, respects human rights and is under democratic control. It is a key component in international development cooperation.

The concept of SSR evolved during the late 1990s. It was discovered that reforms of the security sector were often crucial in a state recovering after conflict or authoritarian leadership, in order to create sustainable peace, democracy and socio-economic development.

Traditionally, the security sector in a state is seen to include four types of actors:

  • Central security actors: military, police, customs and border patrol.
  • Actors exercising democratic governance: executive and legislative power, relevant state agencies and authorities, financial institutions, civil society.
  • Judicial actors: judicial authorities, ministry of justice, investigative bodies.
  • Non-formal security actors: rebel groups, guerrillas, private security companies.

SSR touches on everything - from good governance and human rights to gender issues and equality.

What does the FBA do?

  • Policy, research and development
    The FBA offers support to the work of the EU, UN and OSCE on SSR policy development. The FBA has developed a tool for SSR needs assessment and a handbook for SSR advisers. In addition, the FBA supports international research on SSR.

  • Training
    The FBA offers a yearly SSR course as well as courses within the orbit of the European Security and Defence College. Furthermore, the FBA offers tailor-made SSR training on demand that is specially adapted to the needs of both Swedish and international authorities and institutions. 

  • International work
    As part of Sweden’s international development cooperation, FBA has the mission to work with SSR in a number of countries. FBA also seconds Swedish SSR experts to international peace missions. Please see the map about our international projects.

  • Cooperation
    The FBA coordinates a network of Swedish government agencies working on issues related to SSR. The FBA also represents Sweden on the board of the International Security Sector Advisory Team (ISSAT).

MORE FROM HOME

Looking back at a year of election observation

Liberia, Kyrgyzstan and Honduras. Kenya, Kosovo and Nepal. Those are just a handful of the countries that have held elections during 2017, to which FBA has deployed election observers. “It has been an exciting year. And 2018 looks just as interesting, with forthcoming elections in Russia, Cambodia and Zimbabwe, only to name a few”, says Maja Tjernström who works with election observation at FBA.

2017-12-22 14:37

Read our publications

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Putting Civilians First: NGO Perceptions and Expectations of UN Peacekeeping

NGOs and UN peacekeeping operations increasingly operate in a shared domain. NGOs commonly rely – at least partly – on UN peacekeepers for access and security, but they also express concerns about this. Yet remarkably little is known about what are their main concerns and how widespread they are. Even more importantly, what can be done to address them? This FBA Brief, written by members of one of the FBA’s research working groups, examines the answers to those questions.

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Author:
Han Dorussen, Marian de Vooght
Year:
2018

IN THE FIELD

THE FBA BLOG

  • Posted by Andreas Berg

    Back ‘home’ in Kosovo and remembering old lessons

    The distinct smell of coal dust creeps into your nose as soon as you step off the plane in Pristina, a strange and familiar welcome back greeting for those of us intimate with this small corner of Europe. I felt it again in November 2017 when I came to Kosovo for a few days of visiting old friends and colleagues. For anyone with strong memories of living in a foreign country, you will remember the joys ... Read entire post »

    2017-12-13 11:21
  • Posted by Sabrina Karim

    Liberia after Ellen Johnson Sirleaf

    On November 8 2005, Liberians elected Ellen Johnson Sirleaf to be the first female president of an African country. She made history that day and she oversaw fourteen years of peace in a country that had experienced two decades of devastating armed conflict. In 2011, she was re-elected and won the Nobel Peace Prize. Her fame and legacy has brought widespread international attention onto Liberia.

    On October 10, 2017, Liberians will go to the polls for the ... Read entire post »

    2017-10-06 15:28
  • Posted by Maja Jakobsson

    Strengthening forces for peace through experience-sharing

    The security situation in Afghanistan has deteriorated as of late, with the highest number of conflict-related civilian casualties in 2016 since 2009. The efforts for a formal and sustainable peace process are insufficient and face numerous obstacles. Violent battles between government and Taliban forces have resulted in new districts falling under Taliban power. Attacks by other groups, loyal to the Islamic State, are increasing in numbers.

    Despite this, there are still strong forces for peace in Afghanistan. ... Read entire post »

    2017-09-21 16:18
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Eldridge Adolfo

Eldridge Adolfo is expert on South Sudan, Colombia, Sierra Leone and preventive diplomacy

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