Security Sector Reform

Security sector reform (SSR) aims for a society where the security sector, including police, military and the judicial system, respects human rights and is under democratic control. It is a key component in international development cooperation.

The concept of SSR evolved during the late 1990s. It was discovered that reforms of the security sector were often crucial in a state recovering after conflict or authoritarian leadership, in order to create sustainable peace, democracy and socio-economic development.

Traditionally, the security sector in a state is seen to include four types of actors:

  • Central security actors: military, police, customs and border patrol.
  • Actors exercising democratic governance: executive and legislative power, relevant state agencies and authorities, financial institutions, civil society.
  • Judicial actors: judicial authorities, ministry of justice, investigative bodies.
  • Non-formal security actors: rebel groups, guerrillas, private security companies.

SSR touches on everything - from good governance and human rights to gender issues and equality.

What does the FBA do?

  • Policy, research and development
    The FBA offers support to the work of the EU, UN and OSCE on SSR policy development. The FBA has developed a tool for SSR needs assessment and a handbook for SSR advisers. In addition, the FBA supports international research on SSR.

  • Training
    The FBA offers a yearly SSR course as well as courses within the orbit of the European Security and Defence College. Furthermore, the FBA offers tailor-made SSR training on demand that is specially adapted to the needs of both Swedish and international authorities and institutions. 

  • International work
    As part of Sweden’s international development cooperation, FBA has the mission to work with SSR in a number of countries. FBA also seconds Swedish SSR experts to international peace missions. Please see the map about our international projects.

  • Cooperation
    The FBA coordinates a network of Swedish government agencies working on issues related to SSR. The FBA also represents Sweden on the board of the International Security Sector Advisory Team (ISSAT).

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