Security Sector Reform

Security sector reform (SSR) aims for a society where the security sector, including police, military and the judicial system, respects human rights and is under democratic control. It is a key component in international development cooperation.

The concept of SSR evolved during the late 1990s. It was discovered that reforms of the security sector were often crucial in a state recovering after conflict or authoritarian leadership, in order to create sustainable peace, democracy and socio-economic development.

Traditionally, the security sector in a state is seen to include four types of actors:

  • Central security actors: military, police, customs and border patrol.
  • Actors exercising democratic governance: executive and legislative power, relevant state agencies and authorities, financial institutions, civil society.
  • Judicial actors: judicial authorities, ministry of justice, investigative bodies.
  • Non-formal security actors: rebel groups, guerrillas, private security companies.

SSR touches on everything - from good governance and human rights to gender issues and equality.

What does the FBA do?

  • Policy, research and development
    The FBA offers support to the work of the EU, UN and OSCE on SSR policy development. The FBA has developed a tool for SSR needs assessment and a handbook for SSR advisers. In addition, the FBA supports international research on SSR.

  • Training
    The FBA offers a yearly SSR course as well as courses within the orbit of the European Security and Defence College. Furthermore, the FBA offers tailor-made SSR training on demand that is specially adapted to the needs of both Swedish and international authorities and institutions. 

  • International work
    As part of Sweden’s international development cooperation, FBA has the mission to work with SSR in a number of countries. FBA also seconds Swedish SSR experts to international peace missions. Please see the map about our international projects.

  • Cooperation
    The FBA coordinates a network of Swedish government agencies working on issues related to SSR. The FBA also represents Sweden on the board of the International Security Sector Advisory Team (ISSAT).

MORE FROM HOME

Honouring the memory of Folke Bernadotte

The 17th of September 2018 marks 70 years since the murder of Folke Bernadotte in Jerusalem. In 1948, the United Nations appointed him the first official UN mediator in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. His efforts for peace laid the groundworks for the UN’s first international peace operation.

2018-09-18 10:22

Read our publications

Image description

Una perspectiva de género en la construcción de la paz

This training manual has been developed to provide an introduction in Spanish to the policy framework on United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325) and its follow-up resolutions on women, peace and security.

Documents
Attributes
Author:
Gabriela Elroy
Year:
2018

IN THE FIELD

THE FBA BLOG

  • Posted by Anna Möller-Loswick

    Supporting women peace leaders: an investment in sustainable peace

    Women play vital roles in conflict resolution, conflict prevention and peacebuilding. They mediate conflicts at the local level, advocate for the needs and priorities of women to be addressed in official peace processes, and work tirelessly to build peace in their communities. Research shows that women’s direct participation in peace negotiations increases the durability and quality of peace. They can serve as brokers who connect women civil society networks at the local level to the official ... Read entire post »

    2018-08-23 14:19
  • Posted by Carl Fredrik Birkoff

    Cross-border cooperation between Ethiopia and Kenya for conflict prevention and peacebuilding

    Within the framework of the strategy for Sweden’s regional development cooperation with sub-Saharan Africa 2016-2021 FBA is expected to contribute to increased regional integration and strengthened capacity to address cross-border challenges and opportunities at regional levels. This assignment is very much in line with the innovative, comprehensive and integrated cross-border programme between Ethiopia and Kenya initiated by the Ethiopian and Kenyan governments, in partnership with the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and the United Nations.

    During the ... Read entire post »

    2018-08-16 15:20
  • Posted by Ben Rhee

    Action for Peacekeeping: What role for the Challenges Forum?

    On March 28 this year, UN Secretary-General António Guterres announced the UN’s Action for Peacekeeping (A4P) agenda. At the heart of the initiative lies an urgent call to mobilise support for peace operations, which are increasingly faced with a wide-array of complex challenges.

    Operating in some of the most difficult environments and intractable conflicts on the planet, UN and multilateral peace operations today are dealing with a host of issues and unrealistic expectations by the international community ... Read entire post »

    2018-07-11 10:11
Photo

Stefan Åström

Stefan Åström is expert on Latin America and disarmament of ex-combatants

More about our experts

Upcoming courses

Twitter