20th anniversary Women, peace and security – and Swedish gender equality efforts

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1975

The UN calls for the International Women’s Year and holds the first World Conference on Women in Mexico City.

The UN calls for the International Women’s Year and holds the first World Conference on Women in Mexico City.

1977

The UN General Assembly proclaims 8 March as International Women’s Day.

The UN General Assembly proclaims 8 March as International Women’s Day.

1979
  • The UN adopts The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). It is one of nine UN human rights treaties and most states have ratified it. But the convention has also been subject to many reservations, in particular the articles on sexual and reproductive health.
  • Sweden adopts a Gender Equality Act for working life first Equal Opportunities Act and becomes an international forerunner. Gender-neutral paid parental benefits (1974) and the criminalization of purchasing sexual services (1999) are some examples of Sweden’s pioneering role in legislating to promote gender equality.
  • The UN adopts The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). It is one of nine UN human rights treaties and most states have ratified it. But the convention has also been subject to many reservations, in particular the articles on sexual and reproductive health.
  • Sweden adopts a Gender Equality Act for working life first Equal Opportunities Act and becomes an international forerunner. Gender-neutral paid parental benefits (1974) and the criminalization of purchasing sexual services (1999) are some examples of Sweden’s pioneering role in legislating to promote gender equality.
1980

The UN holds the second World Conference on Women in Copenhagen.

The UN holds the second World Conference on Women in Copenhagen.

1985

The UN holds the third World Conference on Women in Nairobi.

The UN holds the third World Conference on Women in Nairobi.

1994

The Swedish Parliament adopts a proposition on gender equality Delad makt – delat ansvar. It determines that a gender equality perspective should permeate all policy areas, and introduces gender mainstreaming as a strategy to promote gender equality.

The Swedish Parliament adopts a proposition on gender equality Delad makt – delat ansvar. It determines that a gender equality perspective should permeate all policy areas, and introduces gender mainstreaming as a strategy to promote gender equality.

1995

Participants in the UN’s fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing agree on the Beijing Platform for Action. The member states commit to work within 12 areas, including conflict, to improve conditions for women and reach the goals of gender equality, development and peace.

Participants in the UN’s fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing agree on the Beijing Platform for Action. The member states commit to work within 12 areas, including conflict, to improve conditions for women and reach the goals of gender equality, development and peace.

2000

The UN adopts Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security to highlight women’s right to equal participation in the work for peace and security. The resolution stresses the importance of a gender perspective in peace negotiations and peace operations, and the need to put a stop to violence against women and girls in armed conflict.

The UN adopts Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security to highlight women’s right to equal participation in the work for peace and security. The resolution stresses the importance of a gender perspective in peace negotiations and peace operations, and the need to put a stop to violence against women and girls in armed conflict.

2005

Women, peace and security is introduced as an
element in the Swedish Armed Forces’ training
to prepare Swedish staff for secondment to
international peace operations.

 

Women, peace and security is introduced as an
element in the Swedish Armed Forces’ training
to prepare Swedish staff for secondment to
international peace operations.

 

2006
  • Sweden adopts its first National Action Plan for the implementation of the UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security.
  • The Swedish Armed Forces seconds Sweden’s first gender adviser to an international peace mission, EUFOR DR Congo. It shows the importance of having gender advisers in efforts to promote peace and security.
  • The Swedish Government adopts a new proposition to further strengthen Sweden’s gender equality policy Makt att forma samhället och sitt eget liv – nya mål i jämställdhetspolitiken. It clarifies the objective of Sweden’s gender equality policy and highlights the need for supporting the UN in the implementation of Security Council Resolution 1325.

 

  • Sweden adopts its first National Action Plan for the implementation of the UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security.
  • The Swedish Armed Forces seconds Sweden’s first gender adviser to an international peace mission, EUFOR DR Congo. It shows the importance of having gender advisers in efforts to promote peace and security.
  • The Swedish Government adopts a new proposition to further strengthen Sweden’s gender equality policy Makt att forma samhället och sitt eget liv – nya mål i jämställdhetspolitiken. It clarifies the objective of Sweden’s gender equality policy and highlights the need for supporting the UN in the implementation of Security Council Resolution 1325.

 

2008

The UN adopts Security Council Resolution 1820 and demands an end for sexual violence in conflict. Such actions constitute war crimes and crimes against humanity, that exacerbates conflict situations and can hamper peace.

The UN adopts Security Council Resolution 1820 and demands an end for sexual violence in conflict. Such actions constitute war crimes and crimes against humanity, that exacerbates conflict situations and can hamper peace.

2009
  • The UN adopts Security Council Resolution 1889
    and emphasizes the importance of women’s 
    participation in all parts of a peace process and
    the need for more women on all levels in UN peace
    operations.
  • The UN adopts Security Council Resolution 1888 to
    recognize the significance of women’s organizations and requests a Special Representative to lead and strengthen the UN’s work to stop sexual violence in armed conflicts.
  • Sweden adopts its second National Action Plan for the implementation of the UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security.
  • The UN adopts Security Council Resolution 1889
    and emphasizes the importance of women’s 
    participation in all parts of a peace process and
    the need for more women on all levels in UN peace
    operations.
  • The UN adopts Security Council Resolution 1888 to
    recognize the significance of women’s organizations and requests a Special Representative to lead and strengthen the UN’s work to stop sexual violence in armed conflicts.
  • Sweden adopts its second National Action Plan for the implementation of the UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security.
2010

The UN adopts Security Council Resolution 1960 and requires more powerful monitoring and reporting mechanisms on sexual violence in armed conflicts. It also requests all parties in a conflict to combat sexual violence and the prosecution of perpetrators for their actions.

The UN adopts Security Council Resolution 1960 and requires more powerful monitoring and reporting mechanisms on sexual violence in armed conflicts. It also requests all parties in a conflict to combat sexual violence and the prosecution of perpetrators for their actions.

2013
  • The UN adopts Security Council Resolution 2106 and insists that women’s political, social and economic power must increase in order to prevent sexual and genderbased violence in conflict and post-conflict situations.
  • The UN adopts Security Council Resolution 2122 and underlines women’s leadership in peace efforts as a means to strengthen women’s role during all phases of a peace process.
  • The UN adopts Security Council Resolution 2106 and insists that women’s political, social and economic power must increase in order to prevent sexual and genderbased violence in conflict and post-conflict situations.
  • The UN adopts Security Council Resolution 2122 and underlines women’s leadership in peace efforts as a means to strengthen women’s role during all phases of a peace process.
2014

The Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs launches a feminist foreign policy to contribute to gender equality, and ensure that all women and girls can enjoy their human rights.

The Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs launches a feminist foreign policy to contribute to gender equality, and ensure that all women and girls can enjoy their human rights.

2015
  • The Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs starts the Swedish Women’s Mediation Network to strengthen women as mediators, support women who are active in peace processes and promote the cooperation between regional mediation networks across the world.
  • The UN adopts Security Council Resolution 2242 to acknowledge civil society as an important partner to implement the women, peace and security agenda. For example in the work against terrorism and extremism, and as a source of information about the situation in many countries.
  • The Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs starts the Swedish Women’s Mediation Network to strengthen women as mediators, support women who are active in peace processes and promote the cooperation between regional mediation networks across the world.
  • The UN adopts Security Council Resolution 2242 to acknowledge civil society as an important partner to implement the women, peace and security agenda. For example in the work against terrorism and extremism, and as a source of information about the situation in many countries.
2016
2017
2017-2018

As a member of the UN Security Council
Sweden pushes to increase the presence of
informants from women’s organizations.
Sweden also makes sure there is gender balance
among the rapporteurs during its presidency.

As a member of the UN Security Council
Sweden pushes to increase the presence of
informants from women’s organizations.
Sweden also makes sure there is gender balance
among the rapporteurs during its presidency.

2018
2019
  • The UN adopts Security Council Resolution 2493 and urges the Secretary-General to assure the full implementation of the agenda for women, peace and security with support from all managers in the organization.
  • The Swedish Government reports on Sweden’s feminist foreign policy in a petition to the Swedish Parliament.
  • Sweden releases its first report on the implementation of the UN Security Council Resolutions on women, peace and security, for the years 2016-2020.
  • The Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs presents the 2019 action plan for feminist foreign policy.
  • The UN adopts Security Council Resolution 2467 on sexual violence in armed conflict to strengthen the survivors’ perspective and needs, access to care and a life without stigmatization.
  • The UN adopts Security Council Resolution 2493 and urges the Secretary-General to assure the full implementation of the agenda for women, peace and security with support from all managers in the organization.
  • The Swedish Government reports on Sweden’s feminist foreign policy in a petition to the Swedish Parliament.
  • Sweden releases its first report on the implementation of the UN Security Council Resolutions on women, peace and security, for the years 2016-2020.
  • The Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs presents the 2019 action plan for feminist foreign policy.
  • The UN adopts Security Council Resolution 2467 on sexual violence in armed conflict to strengthen the survivors’ perspective and needs, access to care and a life without stigmatization.
2020